Opening of Jakarta Jabodebek tram line confirmed for June 2023

Indonesia’s capital’s new light rail line, which will link downtown Jakarta with the Greater Jakarta neighborhoods of Bogor, Depok and Bekasi, will finally go into service in June 2023, the company’s chief executive officer said. of public construction PT Adhi Karya, Mr. Entus Asnawi Mukhson, announced during a hearing of the House of Representatives and the Ministry of Finance of the country.

The line, still under construction but said to be now 96% complete, is officially known as Greater Jakarta LRT, but more popularly as Jabodebek LRT as this title takes elements of the names of the district through which the line passes. 44.4 km.

However, Mukhson says that before commercial operation could begin, the state train operating company PT Kereta Api (PT KA) worked hard to meet some additional requirements to ensure train safety. “Because this is a driverless line and to ensure safety, there are additional requirements from various parties,” Mukhson said.

The first of 31 six-car driverless LRT EMUs supplied by Indonesia’s PT Inka for the Jabodebek metro project arrived in Jakarta in October 2019. The Jabodebek LRT trains, which can each accommodate around 1,500 passengers, are designed to operate at Grade of Automation 3 (GoA3) – the first time this driverless technology has been used in Indonesia. LRT operations and controls are carried out through a system centered on an 11-hectare depot complex in East Bekasi. However, cabins are provided at each end of a train so that operation can be monitored by a crew member.

On October 25 last year, a collision occurred during the testing of two sets of trains between Harjamukti and Ciracas stations. The equipment involved in the collision was seriously damaged and a driver on board was slightly injured. The Indonesian National Transport Safety Committee (NTSC) later attributed the incident to human error due to a driver playing with his mobile phone. However, news of the incident spread via social media, necessitating additional train safety assurances for the benefit of the public.

The new line has been a long time coming. The Jabodebek route was originally planned in the early 2000s as a monorail project and construction began on this basis in 2004 before immediately stopping due to insufficient funding. The monorail system was revived in 2013, then stalled again in 2014, then completely abandoned in 2015 due to various disagreements.

The decision was then made for PT Adhi Karya to adapt the infrastructure that had already been built as part of a light rail system, as this type of line would have higher passenger capacity, intersection systems and switching and lower maintenance costs than a monorail. .

The construction of the Jabodebek line as an LRT metro project was initially approved by President Joko Widodo in September 2015. Phase 1 will extend from Dukuh Atas, where it will interchange with the underground metro and train networks suburban, via Kuningan, to Cawang, where the line splits with one branch going east to East Bekasi and the other going south to Harjamukti Cibbur.

The elevated standard gauge line uses 750 V dc third rail electrification. It will have moving block signage designed for 2-3 minute progress. The value of the contract for the railway project is 23.3 trillion rupees (1.5 billion US dollars), with a financing scheme of a payment of 280 million US dollars made at the end, and a payment of US$1.3 billion over a three-month period.

Mukhson told the House of Representatives session that this meant there was more or less a project budget of 500 billion rupees ($33 million) per km.

Jakarta has another 1435mm light rail line – LRT Route 1, from Pengangsaan Dua in North Jakarta to the Velodrome in East Jakarta, which uses smaller Hyundai Rotem trains built with aluminum bodies for reduce weight and energy consumption. Part of it was supposed to open in time for the August 2018 Asian Games to be held in Jakarta, but the construction team missed that deadline and a public trial of the new line did not take place until June 2019, with commercial operation beginning in December. year. However, since then, LRT Route 1 has reportedly seen less ridership.

Special efforts are being made to integrate all modes of public transport in Jakarta to ensure faster travel in the capital with ease of connection between different types of rail lines and other travel modes.

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Jose P. Rogers